Marius ANDREESCU
 

Conscience is a defining existential reality of man, whose meaning can be seen only through an interdisciplinary unceasing effort of thinking and knowledge. In this study, we aim to make such an analysis of the conscience as an ontological foundation and characteristic of man, in its individual and social dimension, whose basis is made up of philosophical, theological and legal ideas, concepts and theories. Freedom of conscience is the main feature of the manifestations of man as a person within the specific environment of his/her existence. From the legal point of view, freedom of conscience is a complex fundamental right requesting a wide legislative system in order to establish and guarantee it. In our opinion, both the basis and the legitimacy of the legal system protecting the freedom of conscience are given by the philosophical truths and the truths of faith, as expressed in theological writings and meditations. In this study, we identify the theological and philosophical bases of the freedom of conscience and their reflection in the legal field.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Self-conscience, Conscience of inner self, Social conscience, Freedom of conscience as a fundamental right, Theological, philosophical and legal meanings of conscience and freedom of conscience, Constitutional guarantees
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Ileana (BĂDULESCU) ANASTASE, Carmen Maria BUCUR, Cornel GRIGORUT
 

This study shows the problems and reflections of Romania,in the period after the aderation to EU, this being a period when all the economic activities will be tested according to their level of efficiency and productivity of work. Maintining the traditional form of organization of work, of investments of structure of the finite products may transform the country into a colony, into an exporter of raw materials and workforce in the EU. We can notice the same thing, based on our research, in the case of the Moldavian Republic: the exports and investments influence very little the economic growth. This is due to the reduced performances of Moldavian exporters, and, even more, to the uncompetitive structure on groups of products. Half of the Moldavian exports is assured by the agro-alimentary market, without noticing some obvious trends of specialization in other new branches. The cause of this trend is the weak productive potential of national agriculture and industry (Anastase.I 2010).

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Activities, Potential, Trends, Branches
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Daniel BRÎNDESCU-OLARIU
 

The purpose of the current study was to test the potential of the autonomy ratio in the prediction of bankruptcy. The target population included all the active companies from the Timis County with annual sales of over 10,000 lei. The event the research was focused on is represented by the occurence of bankruptcy 2 years after the date of the financial statements of reference. The bankruptcy was defined in accordance with the Romanian law applicable over the period targeted by the study. The tests were performed over a paired-sample that included all the companies from the target population that went bankrupt during the period 2011-2012. The discrimination power of the autonomy ratio was evaluated for different cut-off values recommended by the existing literature. The research proves the utility of the autonomy ratio in the prediction of bankruptcy two years before its occurence.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Bankruptcy, Autonomy ratio, Financial statements, Accuracy, Financial analysis
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Stefan-Dragos CÎRSTEA
 

Hospitality businesses influence the sustainability of their natural environment by consuming significant amounts of natural resources. Restaurant industry employs one in every three retail workers and consumes one-third of all retail electricity use and almost 30% of all meals were eaten away from home, last year. This study attempted to identify the most important benefits obtained from green practices implementation and which are the basic environmental practices that can be adopted by the organisations in order the improve their image and reduce their costs. Moreover, our research has been undertaken in parallel with worldwide existing trends in order to better understand the direction in which green restaurants are moving. This study results inventories the main environmental practices and actions that can be implemented in restaurants.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Green restaurant, Green industry, Environmental practices, Economic benefits
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Vasile-Lucian V. GOLDAN
 

A striking mark on the romanian culture was left by a georgian character, Andrei from Iviria, later known under the name of Antim hieromonk, and also in the cultural and religious romanian consciousness, known as Antim Ivireanul the Metropolitan of Țara Românească. Together with this Antim, the ruler Constantin Brâncoveanu managed to perform a vaste missionary work, whichwasn’t limit only at the country territory, but went beyond its borders, heading to Transilvania, Sinai, Jerusalem, Constantinopol, Serbia, Georgia and the Athos Mountain. The present work expresses in a sistematic and objective manner, the activity and the role of the hieromonk, then of the Metropolitan Antim, in the Romanian culture’s development through the interaction between the orthodox spirituality and the innovative creativity of the valachian bishop.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Antim Ivireanul, typographical activity, religion and orthodox spirituality, innovative creativity
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Iulian ICLEANU, Mariana CORDUN
 

In this thesis, our purpose is to show that using physiotherapy on patients with hip dysplasia from the very beginning, in the first months of life, helps treating them faster. Common literature proposes to use physiotherapy on patients with hip dysplasia either after their recovery or in the terminal phase of recovery, claiming that any earlier intervention will prolong the hip recovery. The effects of hip dysplasia reflect over the whole musculoskeletal system, while it hinders the knees (genu valgum), the ankles (ankle valgus, calcaneal valgus) and the spine (scoliosis especially at the lumbar level). The most spectacular are at the hip level, that is why we made an analytical evaluation only for this joint. To show the importance of physiotherapy for children with hip dysplasia we started from the hypothesis: untimely treatment for children with hip dysplasia has improved results in functional recovery and in obtaining a better stability, without the necessity of orthopedics or surgical interventions. The research methods used in this study are: the observation method, the bibliographic study method, the experimental method, the graphics method and the statistical mathematical method to process the data and to represent the results graphically. In the end, the results obtained are significantly different from the initial evaluations and we came to the conclusion that starting an untimely analytical kinetic treatment and globally personalizing it to every patient improves stability and biomechanical parameters for the hip.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: hip dysplasia, functional recovery, hip stability, improvement passive mobilization
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Iulian ICLEANU, Mariana CORDUN
 

Congenital hip luxation is a disorder which evolves in time. Teratological hip dislocation is a distinct form of hip luxation, which usually appears with other disorders. These hips are dislocated before birth. In this thesis we will try to elaborate a recovery program, through physical exercises, which will help us realize our treatment objectives: diminishing articular stiffness, increasing articular mobility, increasing muscle strength, recalibration of agonist and antagonist balances and reeducating gait. The specific objectives of the study consist of the particularization of the recovery programs based on age, illness stage (dysplasia or luxation) and either surgical or non-surgical intervention. To show the importance of physiotherapy in gait rehabilitation of a child with hip dislocation we started from the hypothesis: using an adequate rehabilitation program after an individualized methodology, optimizes the functional recovery and ensures the gains of hip stability and the formation of an engram of gait as close as it could be to the normal one. We present a case of neurological congenital hip dislocation where the treatment initiated early is showing good results. Results obtained are significantly different and we came to the conclusion that starting an untimely analytical kinetic treatment and globally personalizing it to every patient has better biomechanical results for the hip.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: neurological congenital hip luxation, physiotherapy, neuro-proprioceptive facilitation, engram of gait as close as it could be to normal
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Elena MAFTEI-GOLOPENȚIA
 

The complexity of the world and the various existing points of view play sometimes the role of barriers to understanding the events that take place around us or in which we are directly involved, that we may find overwhelming sometimes. In this context, we have no choice but to find instruments that can help us find a meaning beyond ”raw” information. Frames and other media effects theories can be this instrument, that can help us understand ”the stories” about the surrounding world. Frames are useful to us because our mind can’t simply process each new situation from scratch. This paper aims mainly at analysing frames, their function, their types, their roles and the levels at which they manifest themselves. It also represents the theoretical background of a future case study about the way in which the academic world is symbolically seen by the press.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Media effects theories, Framing, Priming, Agenda setting
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Alexandru-Ioan I. PINTILIE
 

The question that preoccupies more and more the Church has been intensively raised and is referring to the role of the laics in teaching the divine Word within the Church. Of course, this question has an answer, but it also raises two questions: which kind of laics and in what conditions can they preach the Word? We find the teaching of the divine Word by the laics within the Church since its beginnings, when they had an important role in the spreading and teaching through the Gospel. The laics can practice their right of teaching the Word, by going on mission and contributing to the reinforcement and the defense of the faith, both by public actions, but only with the hierarchy permission and also by private actions, as parents or members of a Christian family or society.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Church, Divine Word, Preach
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Constantin SCHIPOR
 

The European social models that emerged in Europe are answers to various problems faced by micro and macroeconomic activity. An insight into the economic situation of all European social models emphasizes that the Nordic model has the highest efficiency in terms of economic results. The states that belong to the scandinavian model are characterized by stable economic growth, strong social democracy, a strong trade union movement, low levels of corruption and universality of the system that helps companies to overcome difficult moments.This paper highlights the micro and macroeconomic policies that have led to economic stability and very good results in terms of living standards. The main hypothesis of the paper assumes that investments in education and workforce improvement led to the growth of the living standards in the Scandinavian model.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: nordic model, high public expenditure, education, healthcare
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Geanina Constanța SPĂTARU (PRAVĂȚ), Constantin SASU, Ariadna Ioana JURAVLE (GAVRA)
 

The increasing interest given by the Romanian companies in reaching the social and environment objectives, the involvement of the international and European organizations in promoting the long-lasting development, lead to including the performance requirements of the corporate social responsibility within the long-lasting development strategy of the business, as an important part of the business organizations vision. Regarded through the eye of the internal dimension of the corporate social responsibility, the care of the companies for the safety and health of their own employees, for the assurance of safe and healthy workplaces as well as for the development of an occupational risk prevention culture represents one of the main corporate social responsibilities of the companies. The purpose of this article is to investigate the local reports of the corporate social responsibility of the companies that function in Romania, through their own web page and to make an analysis of the occupational safety and health component as presented in the CSR reports of these companies.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Occupational Safety and Health, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Global Reporting Initiatives (GRI), Safety and Health Communication
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Ciprian Iulian TOROCZKAI
 

This study looks into how Ioan Petru Culianu illustrated some of his ideas, as a historian of religions and as a philosopher of culture, in one of his literary works, The Emeralds Game. This novel is more than mere detective fiction, it is also a magic and esoteric novel, and to understand it we need to refer to magic, astrologic or geomantic practices. This means the considerations the author expressed in his other essential scientific works are “logically” extended, continued in this literary writing. The contemporaneity of the work is suggested by the significant fictional world it proposes, a world where the political blends with the religious, where reality blends with the psychological, science with adventure; all these aspects bring this novel to the same level with other similar novels, like Umberto Eco’s Name of the Rose or Dan Brown’s Da Vinci Code.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: gnosis, magic, real – spiritual relationship, secret societies, fictional worlds, Ioan Petru Culianu
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Mihai-Constantin AVORNICULUI, Gyongyver-Emese KOVACS
 

Waste management problems in Harghita County (and other places in the country) have a major negative impact on society and pose a direct threat to human health, and an adverse effect on quality of life. Considering the current practices, it is clear that the system of waste management in Romania and Harghita county needs to be improved to meet the requirements of new national and European regulations. In Harghita County there are 36 protected areas of national interest, four protected areas of local interest and 18 Natura 2000 sites, including 13 Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and 5 Special Protection Areas (SPA). Strengthening a sustainable waste management system involves major changes to current practices. Implementing such changes can be successfully achieved only through the involvement of the whole society: population– as users, entrepreneurs, socio-economic institutions and public authorities.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: water pollution, waste management, integrated system
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Ruxandra Claudia CHIRCA (NEACȘU)
 

In nowadays' world, technological assistance is no longer confined to its primary purpose of communication or informational support and the boundaries between real and virtual world are becoming increasingly harder to be defined. This is the world of digital natives, today's children, who grow up in a technology-brimming environment and who spend most of their time playing video games. Are these video games constructive in any way? Scientific studies state they are. Video games help children in setting their goals, provide constant feedback and offer immediate rewards, along with the opportunity to collaborate with other players. Furthermore, video games can generate strong emotional reactions, such as joy or fear, and they have a captivating story line, which reveals itself within a realm of elaborate graphics.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Video games, Digital natives, New media, Education
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Mădălina MICU
 

The student – teacher interaction is something that everyone experiences at some point in life. Without doubt, the aftertaste of this type of encounter has repercussions for all the actors involved. However, due to the nature of things, students’ lives are more prone to be affected by their teachers’ influence than the other way round. For this reason, teachers should always use their power and authority wisely. Due to the great responsibility that they have in relation to the students that they do not only formally teach, but also attempt to perfect, it is utterly important for teachers to be aware of the narcissistictendencies humans share. Therefore, this paper represents not only a cry for help for the sake and sanity of students everywhere, but also an attempt of rising the awareness of teachers as far as their impact on their students’ future fates is concerned.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Narcissistic projection, Education as transformative experience, Curriculum, Currere, Student – teacher interaction, Teacher’s influence
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Ștefan-Dragoș CÎRSTEA, Andreea CÎRSTEA
 

Tourism is a sector with a significant share in the economies of many countries. There are nations whose GDP consists of 40% of the total contribution of tourism to this indicator. One such segment requires permanent research of its economic, social and sustainability dimensions and their importance. This study outlines an overview of the main aspects related to economic and social importance of tourism and how tourism relates to the concept of sustainable development. The total contribution and the direct contribution of tourism to GDP are elements studied within this research. It is also studied the direct contribution of tourism to employment, and the main positive and negative effects of tourism on social life.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: economic importance, social importance, tourism, sustainable developement
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Ion Gr. IONESCU
 

Although the existence of some regulating documents, called capitulations, concerning the relations on various plans, between the Romanian Country, Moldavia and the Ottoman Empire was known, the first one of these diplomatic documents, that have been operational over time, was discovered only in 1974. It was an act that had been granted to Mihnea Turkished, in the year 1585. This important discovery has been completed, with others that had the same purpose. In fact, they were some diplomatic documents, with the role of Treaty, which has regulated quite explicitly, the status of the two Romanian principalities, in relations with the suzerain power. The most important fact of their contents was the recognition of the internal autonomy of principalities and a certain degree of freedom, in relations outside the borders. The price was that Romanian countries paid was ,however, to never become hostile to Ottoman interests, integrating in the Ottoman foreign policy and paying an annual tribute.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Congres, Wallachia, Moldavia, Ottoman Empire, Russian Empire, Romanian Principalitie
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Maria-Cristina IORGULESCU
 

Academics’ have always had an interest in creativity, although the literature on this subject began to develop once the rate of progress in science, technology and other fields started to increase. Currently, it is generally considered that the countries with a less creative population will fail to be competitive at an international level. This principle can easily be applied in the business environment, where creativity is needed in order to innovate and to gain competitive advantage. The paper focuses on creativity in a specific economic sector: the hotel industry, aiming at highlighting the way this extremely needed ability is influenced by cultural values. As a result, the paper presents the influence of three of Hofstede’s socio-cultural values (individualism, power distance and long term orientation) on employees’ creativity in the Romanian hotel industry.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Culture, Creativity, Hoftsede, Individualism, Power distance, Long term orientation
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Maria-Cristina IORGULESCU
 

In the present working environment there are three different active generations, generally known as: Baby Boomers, Generation X and Generation Y. For the first time in history, three different generations have to cooperate in the workplace and are in direct competition for a job or a new managerial position. This situation creates new challenges in managing human resources in the hotel industry, where an excellent communication between all functional and operational departments is mandatory in order to deliver quality services. The paper aims to address these issues by presenting the main work values of employees in the Romanian hotel industry. The implications of the findings are discussed, considering the limitations of the empirical study presented and the future research directions.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: generational differences, work values, baby boomers, generation X, millennials, hotel industry
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Cecilia (DAMOC) NICA, Elena (STANCIU) IONIȚĂ
 

The study identifies the impact of the internal and external control of the quality of financial reporting, considering the professional accountants’ opinions, evaluating the extent to which financial and non-financial information presented annually by companies represent a guarantee of compliance with the ethical principles of professionals, and also a transparency presentation of the economic activity, risk management, at the same time protecting the interests of stakeholders in the company. The quantitative analysis performed is based on a questionnaire applied to the professional accountants being conducted on a sample of companies in Romania, in various sectors and presents a comparative study of the importance of each type of internal and external control in the delivery of financial reports and non- annual companies, real and credible.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Audit, Corporate governance, Expert accountant, Internal control, Financial reporting, Romania
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Marcela Sefora (SANA) NEMTEANU, Teodora Mihaela TARCZA
 

Volunteerism as an activity in the context of non profit organizations aknowledged an increasing growth in Romania after the fall of comunism. Research in the nonprofit field is clustered around the identification ofinfluencial factors regarding volunteer involvement. Interest in academic research regarding non profit, third sector and non profit marketing gainedmore popularity in the last two decades. Theories of marketingapplicable in nonprofit sector are disscused, being adopted theorethical constructs from either sciences alsoas sociology, psychology, anthropology and organizational behavior schiences. General accepted conceptual and empirical constructs are not yet developed, which leads to the fact that study on influencial factors on volunteerism stillneeds to be developed and tested. The maininfluencial factors identified in the literature review cluster around personal, situational and organizational. Personal factors analysed were the socio-demographic, motivations, situational factors were cost and time oportunity, availability, experience in the field. On theother side organizational factors identified were charachteristics of the job, internal marketing and relationship with clients. Identified factors have influence on volunteer satisfaction regarding the activity in the organization and organizational commitement, increasing the retention of volunteers

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Volunteerism, Organizational Committement, Job Satisfaction, Internal Marketin
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Sorin CRISTEA
 

In this article, teaching as a subject of instruction, will be examined in terms of some actual psychological paradigms of communication: structural-expressive, formal-transactional, relational-systemic, and phenomenal-praxis. Reporting these paradigms, thispaper highlights the importance of psychological processes involved in teaching process. Related to various paradigms described, the author demonstrates the importance of addressing teaching from a high level participation in the elaboration of a mutual action.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Teaching, Paradigm, Communication, Interaction
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Florin-Alexandru LUCA, Dumitru FILIPEANU, Mihaela CANANAU
 

Each and every day, the TV programmes are interrupted by advertising spots which offer us a range of products as varied as they are tempting. It is enough to buy them and, as the authors of these spots guarantee, we quickly get rid of cold, the portal vein will perfectly function, we lose weight while eating, using the appropriate tooth paste will keep us away from dentists and a certain cream will get our face a couple of years younger. And all these at financial offers often apparently hard to refuse. This work aims at analyzing where the information stops, by giving the eventual buyer the possibility to choose, and where starts, through persuasion techniques, mostly subliminal, cleverly instrumented, the manipulation of advertising consumers? There is ethics in advertising, but is it fully observed and managed according to the financial interest of the seller? On the other hand, can we also talk about a tacit complicity of the buyer?

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: TV, Persuasion, Manipulation, Ethics
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Florin-Alexandru LUCA, Constantin SASU, Geanina BUBĂSCU-MOSCALU
 

The Internet is in full ascension and it offers a complex and exact online promotion instrument. 60 trillion web pages are currently indexed in the Google search engine. Each of these pages can offer an online promotion source. Once with Internet ascension more and more companies extend their business online. This study concerns a range of aspects which must be taken into account by the web marketers and developers once with the quick changes on the Internet. Being so dynamic and unpredictable, the Internet offers the hardest challenge for those who come with online promotion solutions.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Online Banner, Internet, Advertising, E-marketing
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Marian MANOLESCU
 

Disputes about the opportunity to introduce competence-based education are increasingly present in terms of educational policies and strategies. Obviously, in the last decade and a half, several countries have introduced competence based education. Although specific knowledge acquisition should be an essential component of student learning, assessing such knowledge in adult life depends largely on the individual purchase of more general concepts and skills. The article discusses pragmatic knowledge and noble knowledge. This is a collective dilemma, to the extent that the education system lives in the tension between the two logics. The two positions or divergent attitudes can coexist as long ast hey do not become extremist. Educational dilemma is especially now a priority.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Curriculum design, Educational policies, Competence
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Diana CSORBA
 

The study that we propose aims to illustrate the ways in which the teacher can be aware and apply reflective practices by harnessing the historical experiences models proposed by the historical research of education.The proposed study argues on the necessity of rethinking the formation programs of the teachers from the perspective of valuing the methodology of historical research of the educational phenomenon. It involves the formation of new professional, dynamic and critical skills, by means of objective reference to the history of pedagogy, approached in a synchronic and diachronic way. The new skill profile will be demonstrated in the area of critical interpretation of the problems which the contemporary school is confronted with especially in adopting the strategies of educational, convenient and flexible strategies.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Historical experience, Pedagogical reflection
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Elena RAILEAN
 

Educational policy is an emerging area of the interdisciplinary research in educational science. This article is focused on a specific topic related to competence pedagogy and includes a critical analysis of the relationships among concepts and their definitions. The aim of the article is to present a literature reviews of what has been publishing by UNESCO and European Commission related to educational policy in order the prove the hierarchy of educational policies. The main objectives of the article are to convey to the reader what ideas have been established on the topic of educational policy and what their strengths and weaknesses are. The research issue: What is an educational policy in European context? is solved through a synthesis of a set of summaries of what is and what is not known in the interdisciplinary area of educational policy. The controversies rely on reality and norms of competence pedagogy.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Multiliteracy, Public policy, Life-long learning, Educational policy, Rethinking education, European Conceptual Framework
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Monica LIA
 

This paper has set the objective of researching how education is influenced by the information society. The first step was to define more precisely the information space. The second step was to identify how information space intersects with the family space and institutional space educational levels represented by pre-school / school and pre-university (kindergarten, at elementary / middle school / high school). Interrelationship between the above mentioned areas was another objective of the research. All these elements have been investigated through the original intention to identify how the information space can become an educational tool to support the family space, education and institutional space. Also, the aim of this research is to offer some solutions in this regard. Often the educational efforts appear to be blocked by the existence of this space. But this paper demonstrates that Informational space can be an enemy of the educational system or can support systems if we knew the internal structure and mechanisms. We can make the Informational Space to work in order to accomplish the educational scope.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Informational space, Education, Educational Tool, Social Diagram, Information, Information Structure
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Mona Lisa PISLARU
 

In the last decade the efforts of Romanian educational system to engage in a complex process of profound restructuring meant to change the education values according to the democratization process of Romanian society, have become visible. During this process, assuring the right to education for all the children and equalizing their success chances were and still are the essential objectives, nevertheless, the limitation of actual financial support possibilities transformed these objectives into real challenges for educational decision factors and specialists. An indispensable role in facilitating effective inclusive education of students with Special educational needs is owned to the support teachers. In this article we propose to analyze general and specific legislative elements that scale the activity of support teachers in the current Romanian education and identify the best action that can facilitate effective results pursuing this profession.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: inclusive education, educational legislation, pupils with special educational needs, support teacher
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Victoria GHEORGHE
 

The legitimacy of stating certain performance standards regarding the didactic profession has found its pros and cons among teachers. This article points out a part of the risks of paying the teachers according to their results. Its purpose is actually that of debating the advantages and risks that the application of such measure presupposes as well as that of pleading for the recognition of the subjective, human, unstandardized component of the didactic expertise. The paying of the teachers according to their performance results should not only be regarded as an economical problem of allothing investments but also as a political issue of real importance for the education of youth.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: teaching skills, standardizing te teaching profession, performance management in education, education – public service
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Georgeta GHIONEA
 

The festive ceremony took place between the 29th and the 31st of October 2015 in Craiova, when there were celebrated 50 years from the foundation of the „C. S. Nicolăescu-Plopșor”, Social and Humanistic Research Institute of the Romanian Academy. Scientific works were presented by academicians, researchers, professors and students from Romania, Italy, Russia etc.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Oltenia, Craiova, “C. S. Nicolăescu-Plopşor”, 50th anniversary, 29-31 of October 2015
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Laura-Elena CĂPIȚĂ
 

The paper explores the ways in which a student teacher’s product, developed as an assigned task, can be used to appreciate categories of knowledge achieved during the Didactic of History course. The target group represented History students at the University of Bucharest, Faculty of History, that are enrolled in the Initial Teacher Training program. The research hypothesis is that students, when confronted with the task of developing and presenting a product of their own learning, mobilize a range of categories of knowledge that were fostered in their initial training program, and are able to elaborate arguments concerning the use of their learning products. The research aims at relating several ideas concerning the process of learning in which student teachers must be involved, such as authentic learning, memorable learning experiences, visible learning and categories of knowledge they have to use.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Student teachers, Categories of knowledge, Pedagogical content knowledge, Textbooks, Learning outcomes, Curriculum alignment
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Cristina STAN
 

Performance cannot be separated from the means and activities which generated it, but neither from the means through which it can be measured and evaluated. The present article aims at analyzing the approach of performance from the perspective of the management of performance and the tools for evaluating performance, insisting upon the evaluation of managerial performances, on the factors that can produce distortions. The aim of performance management is to obtain better results of the organization as a whole through the improvement of individual performance.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: performance, indicators, performance evaluation
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Georgeta GHIONEA
 

In the same time a synthesis and a working instrument, the work Concepts, Beliefs and Traditions Regarding the Immortality of the Soul and the Cult of Deads, is the result of many researches and investigated details, the intention of the author being that to comprise as much information as possible, and to present them to the reader, both from the ethnographic, and also expositive and interpretative perspective. The work contains a Foreword, three chaptle Conclusions and a Selective bibliography.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Oltenia, the cult of the dead, funerary ritual, immortality, traditions
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Ovidiu MARIAN-IONESCU
 

The duty of giving the national culture a generous project, for the first time released from the pressure of extraculture, belongs to the interwar generation. There is a real esoteric generation, under the name of René Guénon, its legitimate representative being Vasile Lovinescu. He is an intellectual on his continuous way to initiation. His approach to Islam, to sufism, does not mean the fact that he abandoned the orthodox religion, but represents a pursuit of a transcendent unity of all religions. Vasile Lovinescu is a landmark of Romanian spirituality of the last century, a personality that still waits for being acknowledged.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Vasile Lovinescu, Initiation, René Guénon, Tradition, Islam
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Liliana G. VOȘ
 

The aim of the study is to explain the concept of otherness as a mythical dimension of the man as a creator in the context of contemporary drama. The approach is a hermeneutics one, but the intention is to extend the analysis towards an interdisciplinary approach due to the multiple ways that otherness reveals on the background of the insular space of the theater as interface of cultural and social. We wish to draw attention to the mythical-symbolic elements that catalyzes the relation between drama and its putting on stage . In our point of view the importance of the drama is the revealing the way that a prototype lives in everyone and the myth is a generating center of identities and otherness in a World of correlations. Mythical models are bringing the imaginary and objectivity into a manageable collaboration that resonate a sense of reality in order to make seen the unseen by ritual as a link between myth and culture.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Myth, Otherness, Archetype, Paradigm, Drama
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Valentina Dorina BOGDAN
 

The purpose of this thesis is to understand the logic of the approach based on income and the methods included in this approach. Reading through this paper must provide us with the ability to choose and correctly apply the methods presented in order to estimate the enterprise value. Understanding the method cash - flow update – is conditioned by the differentiation between collection and income, fees and expenses. The profit is the result of comparing revenues and expenses. Not all revenue generate collection at the same time; not all expenses generate payments. Their registration into accounting is delayed. Cash-flow is the evolution of the availability of funds in itself of the company, the evolution of the net treasury. In summary, we note that approach based on income estimates an enterprise value by converting future streams of income in the present value of an enterprise which can generate those cash flows.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: cash - flow, value of an enterprise, analysis
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Oana DUMITRASCU
 

The paper aims to demonstrate the influence of students’ involvement in extracurricular activities on the development of skills and competencies by means of the factorial analysis. This research is untertaken by means of the questionnaire method, where 728 respondents from five Romanian universities where questionned. The data is analysed through the statistical programme SPSS. Due to the factorial analysis certain influences of the extracurricular activities on the organisational skills, social competencies, communication skills and integration ability are highlighted.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Factorial analysis, Extracurricular activities, Influence, Skills, Competencies
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Viorel TATU
 

The English common law has its roots in the times of William the Conqueror who invaded England in 1066. He is known to be the one who has laid the foundations of the English legal system. At that time, the system comprised of a series of oral rules and it was of high importance to have a unitary, national legal system. This article examines the specific legal institutions: personal property, real property, settlement and trust in order to provide the reader an overview of some of the key aspects to understand its mechanism. The research methods used facilitate the reader’s perception of the common law and its role in the society.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th November, 2015
  • Keywords: Real property, Personal property, Estates, Settlement, Trust, Trustee
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st November, 2015
Fatima Zahra ALIOUI, Zeyneb GUELLIL, Soufyane BADRAOUI
 

Force est de constater aujourd’hui, que la finance basée sur les préceptes de l’Islam, à savoir la finance islamique, remet violemment en cause notre conception de la finance et de l’économie. Cette nouvelle finance, pour certains, de « toutes les vertus « éthiques » et anti-crise » , ou simple attirail marketing pour d’autres, a au moins le mérite de faire parler d’elle ! Associé finance et Islam, c’est faire le postulat qu’il existe une relation entre économie et religion. Pour comprendre la finance islamique, il faut la considérer, comme un tout, non pas homogène, mais un tout dont les valeurs forment un système qui se veut intrinsèquement éthique.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Finance, Finance Islamique, Moucharaka, Éthiques
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Ana-Maria ANDRONACHE
 

Democracy requires equal rights for its citizens, opportunities that society offers, equality before the law. A just society provides for its members equal chances to succeed in life, without any privileges or discriminations. Equality does not mean uniformity. People differentiate themselves by capacities, education, preferences or skills. Diversity must be accepted and respected, because it is an important factor in the development of society and culture. Unfortunately, we are living in a society characterized by inequality. Only by working together both at a European and national level, can the civil society and media make the society stronger, developing the creative potential of people belonging to different social classes, whose activity build up the media in Europe and enrich us all in this process, due to the fact that the European societies are multicultural and diverse. At some point in life, each and everyone of us may be or become a minority or a vulnerable member of society!

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Nondiscrimination, Equality, Diversity
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Mihai-Constantin AVORNICULUI, Diana-Aderina MOISUC
 

Electronic commerce is growing constantly from one year to another in the last decade, few are the areas that also register such a growth. It covers the exchanges of computerized data, but also electronic messaging, linear data banks and electronic transfer payment. Cloud computing, a relatively new concept and term, is a model of access services via the internet to distributed systems of configurable calculus resources at request which can be made available quickly with minimum management effort and intervention from the client and the provider. Behind an electronic commerce system in cloud there is a data base which contains the necessary information for the transactions in the system. Using business modelling, we get many benefits, which makes the design of the database used by electronic commerce systems in cloud considerably easier.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: E-commerce, Business Modelling, Cloud Computing, Database designing
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Soufyane BADRAOUI, Iness BOUGUERRA, Zeyneb GUELLIL
 

The entrepreneurship is not only an economic and social phenomenon; it is also a socio-cultural issue, that is to say a state of mind, culture, values, education, social structures of attitudes and behavior. A multitude of factors influence and guide the entrepreneurship culture. The entrepreneur is not alone on board; it must deal with the socio-economic environment and its specific community. Its willingness to carry out its business plan is part of a broader framework of production / reproduction and acceptance/ rejection of social values and the predominant culture. In this perspective, this project of research focuses to identify, analyze and understand the entrepreneurship culture and the main sociocultural factors that influence Algerians entrepreneurs in the design and implementation of their business plans. This is an exploratory and descriptive study of socio-cultural factors "format it" the young Algerians entrepreneur.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Culture, Entrepreneurship, Societal culture, Young Entrepreneurs, Values
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Soufyane BADRAOUI, Linda ABDELLAOUI
 

La sociologie à Craiova étant une spécialité en matière d’offres de formation dans les trois cycles de l'enseignement supérieur: licence, master et doctorat, elle est aussi une pratique, ayant plus de 19 ans d'activité et d'expérience. Le nombre de projets de recherches doctorales et poste doctoraux réalisé et en cours de réalisation, justifie sa notoriété et de son appellation «L'école Sociologique de Craiova», notamment avec des partenaires pratiquant une sociologie d'action telle que l'Académie Roumaine et l'Institut Social Olténie. L'école sociologique de Craiova fait revivre la tradition sociologique roumaine et continue dans la lignée de la tradition de l'école Gustiènne. Il faut également noter que l'orientation des recherches sociologiques «Craiovienne» a pour objectif d'assurer un équilibre entre l'approche fondamentale et la recherche action. Dans ce qui suit, nous présenterons l’école sociologique de Craiova en mettant l’accent sur son fondateur, ses préoccupations, la recherche etc.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: La sociologie roumaine, Craiova, Ecole sociologique, Institutions académique
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Lioara-Bianca BUBOIU
 

Accepting and valuing people with disabilities is a key aspect of social policies promoted worldwide. The implementation of these policies aim normalize the lives of people with disabilities through full integration in the society to which they belong. Removing discrimination and social barriers equates to a maturing of the society, maturing translated by accepting diversity that surrounds us. Each person must be appreciated at its true value regardless of its condition of normality or deviation from it. Valuing individuals can be achieved only through a full acceptance in society, by assigning statuses and fulfilling social roles. School integration of children with special educational needs in mainstream education is a challenge and involves many aspects to be successful. It is the premise of social integration, the basis for future socio-professional insertion. Integrated education is the first step towards a world of equal opportunities, a world without discrimination.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Disability, Education, Integration, Segregation, Normalization
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Stefan-Dragos CÎRSTEA, Andreea CÎRSTEA
 

Considered to be the most representative and most widely used standard of the ISO14000 family, the standard for environmental management systems, ISO 14001 always arouses a growing interest. Annually, the number of certifications increases in an impressive rate and the main reason is the desire of organizations to increase their environmental performance. This study is an analysis of the number of ISO 14001 certifications in the European Union countries (EU) between 2009-2013, both on a general level and at the level of industrial sector. Moreover, our research has been undertaken in parallel with worldwide existing trends in order to better understand the direction in which EU Member States are moving.We could notice that EU countries fit worldwide existing trends, but we also identified some issues that differ from the existing situation around the world.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: ISO 14001, European Union, Number of certifications, Environmental Management System
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Andreea CÎRSTEA, Stefan-Dragos CÎRSTEA
 

The reforms that have lately influenced the public sector determined several changes in the reporting system, causing the introduction of a new reporting practice in the public sector, namely the consolidated reports. These reports come to bring added value to the accounting and reporting system, but this practice is at the beginning and requires time in order to be taken over at international level. This paper aims to be a theoretical one, with slight empirical traces, analysing the introduction and presentation of consolidated financial statements in the public sector in the European Union (EU) countries and highlighting the factors that have influenced the introduction of such reporting practice in these countries. As it can be observed from the analysis conducted, at EU level, this reporting practice is not widespread, but efforts are made in order to introduce and present a set of consolidated financial statements in the public sector, either at central, or at local level in more and more countries.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Consolidated financial statements, Public sector, Accrual accounting, Cash accounting, Europena Union
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
George Silviu CORDOȘ
 

The regulatorychangescome asa response toperceiveddeficienciesin the postfinancial crisis, and their goal isto improveusers' perception oftheusefulness and quality ofthe audit report.The article approaches thesubject of theseproposals to revise thestandardsand their implicationsfor the audit report. The article isdivided into fiveparts:the firstpartthe authors presenta briefintroduction to thesubject matter; the secondpart presentsthe research methodology; the thirdpartthe authors presenta reviewof the literatureresearch;the fourth section presentsan analysis of theresponsesofEUrespondentsto the Exposure Draftissued by theIAASBin July2013 andthe last partthe authors presentresearchfindings, limitations andperspectives.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Exposure draft, key audit matters, expectation gap, audit report, IAASB
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Constantin SASU, Marius Sorin DANGĂ
 

The decision to vote and choosing among the candidates is a extremely important one with repercussions on everyday life by determining, in global mode, its quality for the whole society. Therefore the whole process by which the voter decide becomes a central concern. In this paper we intend to locate the determinants of the vote decision in the electoral behavior classical theoretical models developed over time. After doing synthesis of classical schools of thought on electoral behavior we conclude that it has been made a journey through the mind, soul and cheek, as follows: the mind as reason in theory developed by Downs, soul as preferably for an actor in Campbell's theory, etc. and cheek as an expression of the impossibility of detachment from social groups to which we belong in Lazarsfeld's theory.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Electorate, Political Campaign, Political Marketing, Voting Decision, Voting Models
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Melinda-Timea FÜLÖP, Mirela-Oana PINTEA
 

The new global economy has brought with time changing expectations that society as a whole, has from a company, which resulted in diversification and growth of its responsibilities towards all categories of stakeholders. Globalization currently leads a radical change in the corporate landscape, as nowadays, to achieve success in business companies must be aware that the social and environmental effects of their activities affect stakeholders and especially the shareholders. Good corporate governance is an important step in building a market confidence and to encourage long-term investment flows. In many countries the implementation of corporate governance practices is seen as a way to improve economic dynamism, thereby improving overall economic performance. The current study is trying to establish the existence or non-existence of o link between the application of corporate governance principles and financial performance on the Romanian capital market.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Corporate governance, Perfromance, BVB
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Andrei-Cosmin GLODEANU, Răzvan-Liviu NISTOR
 

The objective of this study is to explore the Europe 2020 development strategy, from Romania, trough qualitative methods and the corelation analysis trough quantitative methods of the European Funds present in Romania in the period 2007-2010 with the strategy's indicators. From the indicators presented by the European Uniun for the Europe 2020 development strategy,t the following indicators were chosen: "Total expenses for Research and Development as % of GDP)", "Renewable energy share of the total energy consumption", "Early school leavers rate" and an alaysis of the correlation with the "Total available allocated budget of the European Union financed projects, arithmetic mean per project" indicator, using Pearson's correlation coefficient and determining also the algebraic average, range, absolute deviation, mean absolute deviation, standard deviation, skewness and kurtosis.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: European Funds, Romania, Europe 2020
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Marilena-Raluca GROSU
 

Social movements emerge as part of and in response to the prevailing relations of power. They emerge to make visible identities rendered invisible, abnormal or excluded by these relationships, to challenge currently dominant ideas as to how society should be organized, to draw attention to needs not currently attended to under existing social arrangements, or to argue that existing arrangements need protecting and deepening. The scholars agree that relatively few social movements emerge specifically around the issue of poverty, in particularly poverty as defined by lack. However, if poverty is a product of prevailing relations of power, to the extent that different movements emerge to challenge or deepen these relations, then social movements are necessarily relevant to the existing status of poverty and the likelihood that it may change.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Poverty, Social Movements, Deviance, Relative Deprivation
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Gheorghe Florin MISCEAC
 

As the world’s biggest donor, for the developing countries, the European Union is an example of how to solve complex problems in a more and more interconnected world. Article hypothesis is represented by the fact that European values and principles have been established and developed around the construction of a new action concept, designed to meet the challenges of the European space. This paper analysis the context in which were formed and developed EU values and principles, basic elements in construction and development of European Development Assistance Policy. Which were the philosophical, political, economic and social determinants that contributed to building the European values and principles? To what extent geopolitical context changes have influence the evolution of development cooperation policy of the European Union? What are the effects that development policy has produced, analyzed from a diachronic perspective? These are the questions we will answer during the work, critically analyzing the literature and empirical data from the field.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Cooperation, Development, International Development, Principles, Values
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Cristina Teodora POP
 

The insurance of the right to protection of health is regulated as obligation of the signatory states in the main international and European documents related to fundamental rights, in the constitutions of these states and in their infra-constitutional laws. In Romania, the right to protection of health is regulated at article 34 of the Fundamental Law, its standards of protection, stipulated in the international and the European acts that our country is part to, obliging the Romanian state, through the constitutional dispositions of article 20 and article 148 paragraph 2, as well. In application of article 34 of the Constitution, there were adopted at national level Law no.95-2006 concerning the reform in the field of health and other normative acts referring to subdomains of public health. A specific form to guarantee the right to protection of health, for each country, is the one realized by criminal law stipulations.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: The right to health, International regulations, European law, Constitutional standards, Infra-constitutional law, Infringements in the field of public health
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Viorel POP
 

The paper is part of the interdisciplinary recent concerns of "environmental management", looking to determine the damages caused by pollution, remediation expenditures, and benefits that may arise through the application of remediation techniques and decontamination technologies in the mining and metallurgical Maramureş area. Large areas of land were diverted from their original destination (pastures, arable land, forests) being now covered with ponds and dumps of mine or flotation tailings, deposits that are insufficiently protected, and have become sources of pollution to surrounding areas. All Eastern European countries have in common major environmental problems, the most serious being due to mining, metallurgy and chemistry. In the relationship of "economic-ecological" equilibrium, should be considered both economic criteria, as well as ecological ones. Pollution as the deterioration of environment, requires costs for rehabilitation of degraded areas, and for environmental protection, costs for new technologies, non polluting ones. The assessment foundation of environmental damages, is necessary for establishing the priority directions in the allocation of funds for projects to protect and rehabilitate the environment.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Pollution, Dumps, Damages assessment, Ecological restoration, Mathematical modelling
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Crina Mihaela VERGA
 

The objective of this study is to make a comparative analysis of the political liability of the head of state in parliamentary republics and in semi presidential republics. The paper introduces the concepts of “non-responsibility” and “inviolability” of the President, concepts concerning the notion of liability. The approach is based on the comment on the constitutional provisions which regard the political liability of the President and on observing how to apply in practice these provisions. As a result of using comparative method, the implications of this study refer to a better knowledge of the regulation of the political liability in certain states which allow an efficient reception and enforcement of the constitutional provisions on the matter.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Political liability, President, European republics, Constitutional provisions, State practice
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Mariana Rodica ȚÎRLEA
 

According to Directive 93/13 / EEC on unfair terms in consumer contracts, "legislation of Member States on unfair terms in contracts concluded with consumers show significant divergences” (Official Journal of the European Union 31993L0013 - L 095/29). Therefore, the solution to eliminate these differences of balance in bank lending contracts requires promptly a consumer protection against unfair terms by adopting uniform rules of European law concerning unfair clauses. With this protection is desired that this would be subject to all contracts concluded between sellers or suppliers and consumers, to be harmonized at Community level or adopted directly at Community level, to be provided both in the laws, regulations and administrative nature acts, because to the Member States of the European community falls the responsibility to ensure that in contracts concluded with consumers there are not provided unfair clauses.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Consumer, Professional, Bank credit agreement, Unfair terms, European consumer law, Protection of Community harmonization
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Widad Atena FARAGALLA
 

The current article highlights the main stereotypes associated with the accounting profession, the traditional accountant stereotype and the business professional stereotype. Although the business professional stereotype is not that commonly used when reffering to the accounting profession, lately it started to have its own ‚voice’. To see what is the image that this profession has in Romania, we will investigate through this empirical study, which is based on a questionnaire, the accounting profession using two main directions so we can find out: if the professional accounting has the features of the traditional stereotype in the respondents conception or if the profession is seen through the features of the business professional stereotype.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: accounting profession, stereotypes, traditional, business professional
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Nicolae Vasile CONSTANTIN
 

In Romania’s institutions, the internal audit was introduced through the provisions of the Government Ordinance no. 119/1999 which stipulates that this is an activity independently organized under direct subordination of the entity’s manager, that analyses and inspects the internal control system, in order to objectively evaluate if this system supports the achievement of the organization’s objectives in an efficient, effective and economic way and reports to the management its findings, weaknesses identified and measures issued in order to correct the deficiencies and to improve the internal control system. Things changed over time and nowadays, according to the provisions of the Law no. 672/2002 the public internal audit is a functionally independent and objective activity that provides assurance and consulting, conceived to improve the activity of the public institution; it helps the organization to accomplish its objectives by a systematic and methodical approach meant to assess and improve the effectiveness, and efficiency of risk management, of control and governance processes.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Audit public intern, Compartiment de audit public intern, Comitetul pentru Audit Public Intern, Unitatea Centrală de Armonizare pentru Auditul Public Intern, Comitete de audit intern
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Blanca Giorgiana GRAMA
 

The psychological contract became known as a research paradigm within corporate research, providing a broad framework which explains the employee-company relations. Despite all this, there are still many debates on the concept and a series of criticism were expressed that led to the necessity of some more rigorous theoretical and empirical analysis. The psychological contract refers to the unwritten, implicit expectations that employees have from the company and vice versa; it is that which defines the things the employee expects from the employer. Consequently, each of the parties involved in the contract may have different perceptions on these commitments and obligations. Thus the psychological contract may be regarded as an exchange relation between the employer and the employee. Breaking the psychological contract affects the performance, the morale, and the motivation of the staff in a negative manner. The information presented in this paper is intended to contribute to the theoretical and methodological development of the concept.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: psychological contract, professional performance, trust
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Andreea BUDEANU
 

Services are today the dominant sector of the economic activity both in terms of economic performance and labor utilization. Becoming an essential part of today’s society, they are considered the basis of a healthy economy, fact that has increased the importance of services and the research in the field. One of the biggest challenges regarding this sector is the evaluation and assurance of quality. There is still a lack of unanimity regarding the definitions, measurement procedures and the aspects that need to be provided and measured. Through this article we intend to treat these subjects and provide a broad perspective on this topic. Thus, we hope to highlight some practices and directions that could be relevant for the organizations in this field.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Customer satisfaction, SERVQUAL instrument, Total Quality Management
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Ramona Marinela SIMUȚ
 

An increasing number of studies on the convergence attempted to answer the question whether the poorer economies will overtake the economies of the richer ones in time. Also, they attempted to determine whether European integration will have a positive or negative impact on the long term growth of the member countries. In such a context, any measure of inequalities between countries or regions presents great interest. The academic literature attempted a substantiation of quantitative criteria on the measurement of real economic convergence. In the first part of the study we conducted a brief review of the literature devoted to the analysis of real convergence. It also presented the research methodology of cluster analysis, followed in the second part of the study by analysis of the distance between Member EU-28 and the 19 Eurozone to highlight similarities between these states through clustering. The time frame allowed emphasizing some of the effects of the economic crisis on the degree of real convergence.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Real convergence, European Union, Euclidian distance, K-means, Cluster analysis
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Ovidiu Serafim TRUFIN
 

This article aims to analyze and explain the traditional model of Investment Development Path with new teoretical approaches. Investment Develoment Path is the latest theory about foreign direct investment and explains the relationship between a country’s development level and international investment position of a country. It has become a necessity in this research field of Romanian economy to establish a idiosyncratic model for evolution of inflows and outflows of Foreign Direct Investments after 1990. Also, persistent confusion between static and dynamic nature in using appropriate economic Romanian terms is removed. General theoretical approach is enhanced with new elements of schematic theorizing of Stages of Investment Development Path.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Foreign Direct Investments, Investment Development Path, Net Outward Investment, Stages of Investment Development Path
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Radu-Daniel LOGHIN
 

In order to influence the decisions of the users of financial situations, the financial data concerning the commercial fund must be communicated in an opportune manner. Information like depreciation and amortization must comprise the changes from the competitive environment of the enterprise. The work aims at developing such a model for the evaluation of the opportunity of decision of the commercial fund at the level of 262 bursary titles from the emergent markets, showing that this decision is influenced by the bursary performance on a short term of the title as well as its shocks on the short term, but not by the bursary performance. The paper reveals the fact that the development of the emergent markets requires greater attention of the management for the recent events.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Goodwill, Emerging markets, Expediency, Capital markets
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Mariana MITRA
 

Undeniably, crime is a pervasive phenomenon in contemporary society. Many times, we wondered why people commit crimes. Surely, the answer depends on diverse academic backgrounds. What we see is the effect of crime and the ways of committing it, but what is really important is its causality, the reasons that determine individuals to have a deviant conduct. Regarding criminal causality, different theories have emerged along time, grouped into three categories: biological, psychological and sociological. No theory is more important than the other, because they complement each other, trying to unravel the mystery of crime causality. Sociological theories question, among other causes, migration and unemployment. Their role in the dynamics of crime is overwhelming. Studies have confirmed that the two criminological factors have a major input into the quantitative and qualitative analysis of crime. Unemployment is closely linked to migration, and this, in turn, is inextricably linked to living standards. Unemployment, as an exogenous crime factor, is related to the individuals’ poverty and free time. When they decline, crime will also decrease.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: crime, crime causality, society sanctions, exogenous
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Raluca Andreea TRANDAFIR
 

Time of occurrence of tax evasion is closely linked even to social developments, this social phenomenon has emerged and evolved at the same time with the company. Since tax evasion is a phenomenon particularly harmful and despicable paradoxically, it has unfortunately been a negative and unintended consequence, with directions of development and different incidents in any country, regardless of size, level of development or form power organization. In Romania, the underground economy is strong because it is determined by the size of the phenomenon of crime in the economic and financial (dirty money), a phenomenon characterized by a very high level of "financial engineering" made in the privatization, investment, financial institutions - banks and the use of public funds. Thus, effective tools are triggered by conversion and diversion of capital flows in order to remove it from licit financial circuit.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: tax evasion, underground economy, impact, social phenomenon
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Mihai M. ȘTEFĂNOAIA
 

The problem of human trafficking presents great interest not only at European level, in extra – communitary contexts, but also at international level. Through the Commission, the European Union is actively involved in all kinds of actions organized by the UNO, OSCE, the Pact for Stability in South - Eastern Europe or by the European Council. In this respect, the proposals of the Commission for the Council and the adoption by the latter of two decisions regarding the Convention of the European Council in the fight against human trafficking, become very relevant. In June 2004, the Council adopted the Decision which authorizes the Commission to negotiate, on behalf of the European Union, the convention project, for those issues which, according to the Community law, are included in the first pylon. All these matters indicate the fact that, at the European Union level, human trafficking is a highly important issue, not only in the relations between the member states, but also in relation to the terts, all due to its global nature.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: human trafficking, penal law, legislative initiative, violence, prostitution, women
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Aurelian TITIRISCA
 

Nowadays, technology is on an evolution wave both in terms of software (complexes and complete business package software solutions) and hardware (increasing processing power for mobile devices, large consume of Internet world wide). The speed with which humans interact with the Internet, use social media and interconnect their devices with other devices is rapidly growing. This desire to stay connected is translated as an exponential growth of volumes of data. Therefore all data that is generated represents the main engine for innovation both in terms of business and technology. Based on unprecedented connectivity among objects and to collect massive amounts of data, Internet of Things (IoT) is ready to provide significant business benefits. Organizations are interested to adopt IoT as a business strategy and they must be prepared to address a number of technical and administrative challenges. The purpose of this article is to define the IoT , looking at Big Data.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Big Data, Internet of Things, Business Intelligence
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Mariana MITRA
 

Crime and criminality are undisputed socio-legal phenomena, existing in human society since ancient times. Each of us has a social behavior, according to or inconsistent with the general value system imposed by the dominant social group leader. No matter how optimistic we are, no matter how inventive and visionary we become, we must be realistic and objective and realize that the danger of crime will never go away, and that it is our duty to identify the best measures on reducing crime. We must not think that being visionary and shaping a society without crime, a society where the rule of law and the respect of social values are a way of life for us all, is a utopia. A safe society, a higher life quality, should be our target and we should make everything in order to achieve it.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: crime, danger, society sanctions,law order
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Ileana (BĂDULESCU)ANASTASE, Carmen Maria BUCUR
 

This paper shows the emmergence of strong aspects that require a deep transformation of the organization through the implementation of the Quality and management. We start from knowing the status of the organization, the environment, and through continuous improvement, the implementation of the Quality of management will try to reach stages closer to excellence. In this sense, the applyable practice in Public Administration must start from something elementary and simple, to allow the realization of some improvements, with a modern administration, with a number of considerable tasks. The introduction of a system of Quality management must be the decision of superior management, and the idea that sustains the arguments must be the following: the growth of productivity, the raise of income, the improvement of the image, the growth of competitiveness, the reducing of costs, the improvement of the environment. This way, reductions of consumptions in the Public Administration through improvements in the Quality of management must be determined.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: transactions, services, improving the image, tasks
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Constantin NECULA
 

In all the thrill of the modern definitions of the social function of everyday life, we often forget about the basic human organizations that created the social cohesion which survived over the history during difficult times. A sort of memory aneurysm prevents us from rediscovering those communicational structures that created the real human community, which generated it free of any ideologies and fanaticisms, which raised it in the modern social network. The parish, humble social community based on the confession of the same faith and the stretching of a given geography, was mocked, eluded and informally deformed. It remains, though, one of the greatest miracles of the sociology of social organization, one of the communicational categories preserved, it seems, despite the evolution of virtual communication. It is enough to cross, for instance, the great highways of modern Europe, as well as the British area to see that the names of cities, thousands of them, are related to the Christian culture of the place. A certain saint or boards which attest the Christian past of the place, marking points of the spiritual amperage of the area, are lumps in an informal network that proves that the parish remains one of the sociological categories of communication that remains deeply implemented in the mentality of the modern man. Even if it lacks the same spiritual or cultural connotation, it remains the model of the open society, placed in the interval of the new models, destructured from the very moment of their hermeneutical assertion.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: parish, open society
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Liliana HÎNCU
 

The concept of tourism product appears as a part of the travel agencies and the tourist areas such as: Bucovina and Maramures, Danube Delta, Dobrogea etc. Tourist areas have become real brands along the sights of Romania. Associations promote tourism, tourist information centers and tourist promotion offices of Romania, together with ANAT should devise strategies to promote tourism brands representing Romania. Regarding tourism brand, it is a picture element, which identifies the products or services of a tourist zone. Customers are the ones who decide if that brand live up to their expectations or not. Travel Branding is a process of creating and maintaining a brand in the hospitality industry. Travel Branding refers to identifying and exploiting competitive advantages in our case about the strengths of your product or Bucovina tourist area. Bucovina ,,Neverland” promoting a full of beauty. I think it can awaken from the numbness Romanian tourism. Just as red Bordeaux promote France among others, as well as Voronet blue is a Romanian brand, internationally recognized, and I think that is the most important national tourism brand. After many this area is considered a wonderland of Romania, a pearl of the country that can make the most to promote the culture and traditions of this part of Europe, so-called Switzerland of Romania. It's an area where natural beauty is complemented by monasteries and hospitality of the people of the lands.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: travel, tourism brand, branding tourism, tourist offer, hospitality, culture and tradition
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Lucian-Ovidiu CINADE
 

As an impact factor of the competitive advantage dynamics, relocation is, basically, an outcome of concentration or dispersion on the location, in the business chain, of such as car-building companies, components suppliers and distributors. Proximity and low labor costs in developing countries are the basic factors considered by both the car assemblers and the components suppliers. The approach of spatial focusing needs a two relational plans analysis: on the one hand of the reports between component builders and suppliers and on the other hand of the reports amongst various automobile builders which benefit from the same productive location. This article focuses on the determination of the role of relational and spatial configuration amongst several automobile assemblers in generating the competitive advantage of the auto sector. For such purpose, we needed to observe a coenterprise which manufactures the models of different brands. The competition report amongst several builders as in case of co-enterprise TPCA from Kolín, Czech Republic has the following effect: flexibility of production, increase of feedback capacity to the dynamics of the market and the benefitting from the same workforce basin.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: competitive advantage, joint venture, reconfiguration, automotive
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Lucian-Ovidiu CINADE
 

Car-building industry territorial reconfiguration in Europe is the result of several rounds of company delocations from origin countries to emergent countries. Such rounds have been limited by the gradual opening of the national countries, as well as by changes in East European ideology and politics. Hence, about the end of the 90’s, European car-building industry shows considerable disparity, East to West. In the car-building companies’ vision, East-European car-building development potential is basically sustained by both the car low penetration rate, and the low labor cost. On the long term run, gradual valorizing of the East-european trading, with increasing labor costs, may read as a wearing thin of the competitive advantage in car-building industries, as well as problem issues of novel territory attractiveness needing permanent boosting. Country-to-country comparative analysis indicates that competitive advantage of car-building has not gone down in all of the West-European States. Competitive advantage of the West-European car-building industry increases, which can be explained, in part, by adequate strategies, as both labor costs, and cars penetration rate, go up.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: competitive advantage, automotive, reconfiguration, territorial attractiveness
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Lioara-Bianca BUBOIU
 

Disability is a present reality of our time, much discussed, opposite which attempts to implement school and social policy based on equal opportunities. Reactions to disability were over time many: from rejection and extermination to tolerance and acceptance. Being a person with disabilities involves many processes of adaptation and assimilation of those considered typical in the world and a key role in the success of these processes turns to therapeutic intervention. To cope successfully with the demands and the expectations of society, to achieve a good relationship individual-society, the child should benefit as early as possible from the therapeutic-rehabilitation process appropriate to its specific disability, to take part in group activities. Therapeutic-rehabilitation process represents the foundation pillar of harmonious development, adequate to social and school norms. Early intervention is very important and represents a big win in rehabilitation and integration of disabled children.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: Disability, Intervention, Recovery, Integration, Normalization
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Alina Steluţa CRISTEA
 

In Romania the electricity market is totally opening in 2007 and by 1 July 2014 all transactions must be made only on the competitive market. This paper wants to do the analysis period following the liberalization of a recent period to highlight the changes that have occurred in the market. I used a general equilibrium model of the market which apply to the electricity market in Romania to calculate various indicators such as the amount of electricity and the prices of energy resources and analyze them in terms of market balance. The results highlight the state of imbalance and measures are required to restore the balance in the market. In conclusion, the electricity market requires large investments in equipment and refurbishments to reduce the cost of electricity.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: electricity market, balance, measures
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Alain SPALANZANI, Dumitru ZAIȚ
 

Cet article cherche à comprendre si la culture, plus particulièrement économique, a un impact sur la capacité d’attractivité des activités économiques d’un territoire. Les territoires comparés sont les métropoles ou régions urbaines de Iasi1 en Roumanie et de Grenoble en France. Ces territoires sont sensiblement de taille comparable : 840 000 habitants pour Iasi, 750 000 pour Grenoble. Après avoir recueilli les perceptions d’acteurs économiques, une hiérarchisation de plus de 71 critères considérés comme importants dans la localisation des activités économiques est établie pour chacune des deux régions. La comparaison de l’importance accordée aux critères montre à la fois une certaine convergence des perceptions mais aussi de réelles divergences, en particulier au niveau des critères financiers. La vision lowcost et de sous-traitance des yèchennï, liée à un positionnement de l’industrie roumaine sur les marchés de biens intermédiaires, n’est absolument pas partagée par les grenoblois qui semblent orientés vers des stratégies plus offensives, en direction des marchés finaux.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: attractivite territoriale, dimension culturelle, vision low cost, competitivite territoriale
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015
Lavinia M. GUȚU
 

Banks are important entities in the economy as they have a significant role in maintaining and encouraging the development of economic sectors. This is possible through the work of refocusing resources from those who have surplus to those who are in a deficit situation. Therefore, like any other company, the performance is highly desirable for banks. It is therefore essential to identify which are the main factors influencing the achievement of this goal. From this perspective, this paper aims to analyze the microeconomic factors affecting the financial performance of banks in Romania. Special attention will be paid to Internet technology or ICT as part of new banking technologies because, so far, in Romania, there are few studies of this kind.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 1st July, 2015
  • Keywords: bank performance, electronic banking, return on assets, return on equity, internet banking
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th June, 2015